The twentieth century saw heightened tension between religious and secular approaches to education. In this era of cataclysmic social change, Murtada Mutahhari presented this Islamic perspective on training and education, using his signature approach of applying traditional Islamic sources to contemporary questions. Although, in his time, rote learning was prized, Mutahhari emphasised the importance of critical thinking skills. He also emphasised education outside of the classroom, such as learning through work. Taking a holistic perspective, he discussed the importance of spiritual and moral training, worship as a means of personal development, and the importance of developing self-esteem. Although delivered in the 1970s, these lectures remain essential reading for anyone involved in training or education.
Murtada Mutahhari was a leading theoretician of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. As an accomplished scholar of Islamic sciences, he played a pivotal role in forming the modern Islamic discourse which served as the foundation of the revolution. With close to ninety works to his credit, he is considered as one of the leading thinkers of the global Islamic movement in the twentieth century.